Fruit Facts – Oranges Lemons and Limes

  • A medium-sized orange contains the amount of vitamin C that a healthy adult should eat daily.
  • Oranges are one of the few fruits that will not over ripen if left on the tree.
  • Citrus was first mentioned in literature in 2400 B.C.
  • Citrus grew in Asia 20 million years ago?
  • Citrus is the most widely grown crop in the world – there is more fiber in an orange than in most other fruits and vegetables.
  • Brazil produces the largest amount of oranges and grapefruits in the world.
  • Lemons, oranges, and limes are all citrus fruits – their juices contain citric acid.
  • Sailors were particularly susceptible to scurvy. In the last part of the eighteenth century, sauerkraut and citrus fruit were taken onboard English ships bound on long voyages. Miraculously, these foods eliminated the disease. (Can you guess why British sailors are called “limeys”?) But it wasn’t until 1932 that the chemical in these foods, named ascorbic acid, was purified in a laboratory. It is found in many fresh fruits and vegetables; citrus is an excellent source.